Pajamas or pyjamas, frequently shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can make reference to numerous relevant sorts of outfits originating in the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but at times also for lounging, also by both equally sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and product.
The word pyjama  was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and the British impact on the broader Western earth in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different individuals in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening attire, and is particularly synonymous with Prolonged Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It really is probable that we English took the practice like a good quite a few Other folks in the Portuguese. So Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on Click here 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I believe, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of delicate cloth, including flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket ingredient typically contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these regular pajamas are frequently identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed Click here to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a rest room. Drop seats have been quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many variations in type which include short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly inside the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.
Though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they may have sometimes integrated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very form of small costume top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now check with Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where they turned preferred in the early twentieth century, consisting of short-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Samples of these include things like capri pajamas, Seashore pajamas, and hostess pajamas.